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International Joint Research Promotion Program (2015-2016)

2015-3-4(Wed)

As a measure for promoting its academic initiatives, Osaka University established the International Joint Research Promotion Program in 2013. In order to further enhance research quality and promote globalization of Osaka University, Osaka University supports advanced research between international researchers and Osaka University researchers. Currently, 22 projects are underway.

In 2015, 14 projects were selected, bringing the total number of programs to 36. These programs and lectures will give added impetus to the globalization of education and research at Osaka University.

Programs selected in previous years:
Programs Selected in 2013
Programs Selected in 2014

h27 map english

Programs selected in 2015

Project Leader Title, Organization Joint Research Organization
CHUNG Sung Yeo Associate Professor, Graduate School of Letters Rice University (USA) Details
TOMOBE Kenichi Professor, Graduate School of Economics School of Social Development and Public Policy, Fudan University (China); University of California, Irvine (USA) Details
MATSUNO Kenji Professor, Graduate School of Science The University of Manchester (United Kingdom) Details
MURATA Michio Professor, Graduate School of Science Åbo Akademi University (Finland) Details
SAKATA Yasushi Professor, Graduate School of Medicine King's College London (United Kingdom) Details
OKADA Yoshiaki Associate Professor, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Harvard University Medical School/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (USA) Details
FUJIWARA Yasufumi Professor, Graduate School of Engineering University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) Details
TADA Hirokazu Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science; Director, Center for Promotion of Advanced Interdisciplinary Research Seoul National University (South Korea) Details
MIYAZAKI Fumio Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) Details
KURAHASHI Takashi Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences University of California, Davis (USA) Details
SUGANUMA Katsuaki Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research Beijing University of Technology (China) Details
YAGI Yasushi Director/Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research Carnegie Mellon University (USA) Details
TAMII Atsushi Associate Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany) Details
TONOUCHI Masayoshi Professor, Institute of Laser Engineering Rice University (USA) Details
Explorations of Functional Grammar in Terms of Nominalization Phenomena
Project Leader Sung-Yeo CHUNG, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Letters
Visiting Researcher Masayoshi Shibatani, Professor, Department of Linguistics, Rice University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Through explorations of the recent cognitive-functional approach to linguistics, this project aims to change the research paradigm in linguistics from the Chomskyan philosophical theory of language, which has dominated the field for more than fifty years, to a more empirical language science. Based on the research on nominalization phenomena and bringing together the research team of Professor Masayoshi Shibatani of Rice University, a leading figure in the field, and researchers from both Graduate School of Letters and Graduate School of Language and Culture, this project strives to strengthen research capability in the field of language studies at Osaka University and also to promote research publications abroad.

Comparative social science of demography, anthropometrics and economic development in modern Japan and China
Project Leader Kenichi TOMOBE, Professor, Graduate School of Economics
Visiting Researcher Wang Feng, Professor, School of Social Development & Public Policy, Fudan University; Professor, Department of Sociology, UC Irvine
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline The aim of the research project is to compare the historical path of anthropometric growth and that of economic development measured by real per capita income based on the reliable statistical data of modern Japan and China and to appeal the existence of both countries as co-leader of the Asian area to the world.

Roles of cross-talk between Notch signaling and Toll signaling in early embryogenesis
Project Leader Kenji MATSUNO, Professor, Graduate School of Science
Visiting Researcher Baron Martin, Senior Lecturer, Life Sciences, University of Manchester
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Research group of Kenji Matsuno (Department of Biological Sciences) and Martin Baron (University of Manchester) proposed an idea that the formation of dorsal-ventral axis of Drosophila embryos is regulated by cross-talk between Notch and Toll signaling pathways.  In this collaboration, we will understand the mechanisms of this cross-talk and its roles in the formation of dorsal-ventral axis, by using bio-imaging analysis and system biology.

International Collaboration for Developing Biomembrane Model Systems
Project Leader Michio MURATA, Professor, Graduate School of Science
Visiting Researcher Slotte Johan Peter, Professor, Department of Biosciences, Åbo Akademi University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Biological membrane is a last frontier in the field of bioscience, and precise physicochemical research of the lipid bilayer is required to elucidate biological mechanisms. Åbo Akademi University in Finland and we combine the own expertise to establish technical platforms for organizing novel models of the biological membranes toward the development for artificial cell membranes.

Innovation of Bedside-oriented Research of Cardiology by Integrated Imaging
Project Leader Yasushi SAKATA, Professor, Graduate School of Medicine
Visiting Researcher Kinya Otsu, Professor, Cardiovascular Division, King's College London; Professor/Chair of Cardiology, British Heart Foundation
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Cardiac disease is one of the leading causes of death in Japan. The aim of this project is to establish a novel circulatory research oriented from clinical questions which are obtained only by thorough examination of patients. Prof. Otsu is a world-famous expert in the basic research of cardiology. We will bring together our expertise to elucidate clinical questions by using integrated imaging in collaboration with Prof. Otsu. This study will provide new concept for treatment of cardiac diseases.

A novel anti-inflammatory strategy by targeting endothelial cells
Project Leader Yoshiaki OKADA, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Visiting Researcher Willam C. Aird, Professor, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Vascular Biology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Recent reports indicate importance of a vascular system as well as an immune system for the induction of inflammatory diseases. A goal of this study is to establish a novel anti-inflammatory strategy by targeting an endothelial cell-specific receptor. To that end, we analyze unique functions of the receptor and generate molecules that inhibit the receptor function.

Elucidation of luminescence mechanism in rare-earth-doped semiconductors
Project Leader Yasufumi FUJIWARA, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Visiting Researcher Tom Gregorkiewicz, Professor, Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline In Osaka University we perfected the growth of Eu-doped GaN layers of superior crystalline quality, and demonstrated the first low-voltage current-injected red light-emitting diode (LED) based on these materials. This project builds on these accomplishments and aims to increase the brightness of the device to the level enabling its wide scale application. In collaboration with a world-leading research group on optoelectronic materials in University of Amsterdam, we will map the energy transfer from injected carriers to Eu ions and purposefully manipulate it at every step for the maximum efficiency.

Development of Organic Magnetoresitance Devices
Project Leader Hirokazu TADA, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science; Director, Center for Promotion of Advanced Interdisciplinary Research
Visiting Researcher Soo Young Park, Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University; Director, Center for Supramolecular Optoelectronic Materials
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline The aim of this project is to clarify the origin of organic magnetoresitance (OMAR) effects and to provide guiding principles for development of OMAR devices. Organic materials for OMAR are designed and synthesized in SNU, and Device performances are investigated in OU. Frequent visits of students and staffs in two institutions next door accelerate the researches and achieve a new insight in the fields related.

Robotic Therapy after Stroke: Exercise Interventions Based on Assessment of Muscle Synergies
Project Leader Fumio MIYAZAKI, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science
Visiting Researcher Hermano Igo Krebs, Principal Research Scientist and Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Robotic therapy, especially for lower extremity function, currently stands at the early stage of development. The next generation of robot-aided neuro-rehabilitation requires assessing the effect of interventions correctly and collecting clinical evidence to develop an efficacious intervention. Stroke rehabilitation requires motor coordination. By combining the method of “synergy assessment” and the “robotic therapy” developed by the Osaka University and MIT researchers' team, we will attempt to develop a novel robotic-intervention test and validate it in the framework of synergies.

Modulation of signal transduction system in the nano-biological structure
Project Leader Takashi KURAHASHI, Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences
Visiting Researcher Chen Tsung-Yu, Professor, Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Our target is the olfactory transduction channels (CNG, Cl). Hitherto known experimental difficulties have been existing because these are expressed on the nano-scale cilia. In this collaboration research, we will overcome these technical difficulties and investigate the modulation of channel activities for the olfactory perception.

The study of reliability of metal nanowires based on graphene materials
Project Leader Katsuaki SUGANUMA, Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Visiting Researcher Wang Hao, Professor, The College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Silver nanowires (AgNW), as ideal replacement for ITO film, is easily corroded due to exposure to air or ultraviolet that drastically decreased the performance of electrodes. In order to avoid the deterioration, a thin and transparent graphene film is selected and combined with AgNW to improve the stability and achieve new properties.

International Collaborative Research of Human Sensing
Project Leader Yasushi YAGI, Director/Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Visiting Researcher Kanade Takeo, U.A. and Helen Whitaker University Professor, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline This program focuses on human behavior analysis and cell image processing by international collaboration with Prof. Takeo Kanade, who is the U.A. and Helen Whitaker University Professor of Carnegie Mellon University and is an authority of computer vision. We propose a new framework that copes with first person views as well as surveillance views for human behavior analysis. As for cell image processing, we develop automatic cell counting method. Moreover, training of students and young researchers, improvement of quality of research papers, and increase of visibility of Osaka University are also objectives of this program.

Electric Dipole Response in Nuclei, Neutron Skins and Neutron Stars
Project Leader Atsushi TAMII, Associate Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics
Visiting Researcher Peter von Neumann-Cosel, Professor, Institute for Nuclear Physics, Technical University Darmstadt
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline The research aims at studying the electric dipole response of nuclei, determining the neutron skin thicknesses, and extracting the information on the neutron matter equation of state that is indispensable for understanding the internal structure of neutron stars. LaBr3 scintillation detectors will be moved to RCNP as a joint project between RCNP and TU-Darmstadt to which the invited research belongs. The electric dipole response of nuclei will be experimentally determined by combining the high-quality beam and high-resolution spectrometer at RCNP with the LaBr3 detectors.

Exploring Terahertz Functionalities and Applications of 2D Materials
Project Leader Masayoshi TONOUCHI, Professor, Institute of Laser Engineering
Visiting Researcher Kono Junichiro, Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Owing to the success of graphene research, the idea of engineering two-dimensional (2D), atomically thin layers of materials has become compelling. Laser Terahertz Emission Microscope (LTEM) is a unique tool that can dynamically investigate photoexcited carriers in materials and devices. In this research we apply the LTEM to investigate the electric and optical properties at the surface and interface of 2D atomic layers, and explore the new functionalities for THz devices.

 

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