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Research at OU

International Joint Research Promotion Program

As a measure for promoting its academic initiatives, Osaka University established the International Joint Research Promotion Program in 2013. In order to further enhance research quality and promote globalization of Osaka University, Osaka University supports advanced research between international researchers and Osaka University researchers. Currently, 22 projects are underway.

In 2015, 14 projects were selected, bringing the total number of programs to 36. This program is a first step toward the establishment of international joint labs. These programs and lectures will give added impetus to the globalization of education and research at Osaka University.

2017-18 selected projects Type A

Project LeaderTitle, OrganizationJoint Research OrganizationDetails
Yasuyuki GONDOU
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences Iowa State University (USA)
University of Lausanne (Switzerland)
University of Hawaii (USA)
French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (France)
Details
Satoshi HAMAGUCHI
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungary) Details
Takashi SUZUKI
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science University of Minnesota (USA) Details

2017-18 selected projects Type B

Project LeaderTitle, OrganizationJoint Research OrganizationDetails
Taro MOCHIZUKI
Professor, Graduate School of Letters
Chulalongkorn University (Thailand) Details
Junko OTANI
Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences National Taiwan University (Taiwan) Details
Yoshitada MORIKAWA
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Universiti Sains Malaysia (Malaysia) Details
Utako TANAKA
Lecturer, Graduate School of Engineering Science Leibniz Universität Hannover (Germany)
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Details
Yoneyuki SUGITA Professor, Graduate School of Language and Culture
The University of Hong Kong (China) Details

Details of International Joint Research Promotion Program Type A

Constructing the international research hub for gerontology studies
Project Leader

Yasuyuki GONDOU (Associate Professor, Graduate School of

Human Sciences)

Visiting Researcher

Martin Peter (Professor, Gerontology; Human Development and

Family Studies, Iowa State University)
Jopp Daniela Sala (Associate Professor, Institute of

Psychology, University of Lausanne)

Willcox Bradley John (Professor, Department of Geriatric

Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii)

Robine Jean Marie (Head of the research team

‘Biodemography of Longevity and Vitality’, INSERM (National

Institute of Health and Medical Research); Research director/

Associate Professor, Department of Demography, University

of Montreal)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2020
Research Outline Japan become a super aging society 10 years ago. However, aging processes of the oldest-olds, a largest glowing segment of population, are rarely known. The aim of this project is to extend knowledge with regard to phenomena of aging by focusing on wide age range of older people from young-old to oldest-old and centenarians. In addition to extension of age range, we also focus on characteristics of Asia such as race, culture and policy by integrating pre-known knowledge about aging developed in Western countries. Ultimately we attempt to provide Asian based gerontology framework which is suitable to solve problems expected to occur in near future in various Asian countries.
 

Design of nonlinear control of reactive plasmas by first-principle simulations

Project Leader

Satoshi HAMAGUCHI (Professor, Graduate School of

Engineering)

Visiting Researcher

DONKÓ Zoltán (Department Head, Scientific Advisor, Department

of Complex Fluids, Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics,

Wigner Research Centre for Physics, the Hungarian Academy

of Sciences)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2020
Research Outline In collaboration with Dr. Zoltan Donko and his research group at Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, we aim at systematic understanding of the control of nonlinear dynamics of chemically reactive plasmas, using particle-model (first principle) simulation of low-temperature plasmas. Especially we examine controllability of plasma-induced chemical reactions at plasma-solid or plasma-liquid interfaces.
 

Mathematical Analysis and Mathematical Science for the Systems of Nonlinear

Partial Differential Equations Describing Biological Phenomena

Project Leader Takashi SUZUKI (Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science)
Visiting Researcher

Ni Wei-Ming (Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of

Minnesota)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2020
Research Outline Collaborating with Professor Wei-Ming Ni in Minnesota University, we clarify several principles controlling biological phenomena to construct an international network of mathematical study on nonlinear partial differential equations. Living things expose a variety of features in their functions and structures, as well as the realizations of multi-hierarchical interactions. Modern mathematical analysis has captured the essences on nonlinear, non-dynamical phenomena, but still has a trend to be restricted on the study of small number of interacting unknowns under homogeneous environment. In this project, taking regards in thermos-dynamical laws inside mathematical models, we clarify nonlinear, non-dynamical phenomena.

International Joint Research Promotion Program Details Type B

Japan-ASEAN Global Philosophical Research Exchange Laboratory

Project Leader

Taro MOCHIZUKI (Professor, Graduate School of

Letters)

Visiting Researcher

Phenpinant, Kasem (Assistant Professor, Head,

Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts,

Chulalongkorn University)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline The objectives of this project are to (i) enhance research exchange in philosophy between Japan and the ASEAN for further mutual understanding, (ii) identify the future orientation of Asian philosophy in a globalizing era, (ii) promote exchange of young scholars including doctoral students and post-doc researchers based on their own initiatives, (iv) conduct research on the problems contemporary citizens face in city life, and, (v) develop international outreach to solve the problems that prevent people from living a life in common. Such topics as diversity in modern lifestyle, inclusiveness, information technology and civil ethics, and reconciliation between comunitarialism and liberalism will be studied both in case of Japan and the ASEAN, especially Thailand. Texts in basic modern Japanese philosophy will also be translated into Thai.
 

Policy responses towards work stress problems:

A comparison study of Japan and Taiwan

Project Leader Junko OTANI (Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences)  
Visiting Researcher

Cheng Yawen (Professor, National Taiwan University/

Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of

Public Health)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline This research aims to study the development of policy actions on work stress problems in Japan, particularly the newly established Stress Check Program, and to understand their implementation, effectiveness and possible social consequences such as privacy protection and employment discrimination issues. In addition, this study will also explore the design and implementation of employment-welfare programs such as sick leave and paid leave benefits, and their roles in buffering health impacts of stressful work conditions. The experiences in Japan as well as comparative analyses will be of great value for the improvement of policy designs in other East Asian countries. This research is expected to provide information and recommendations for policy actions in Taiwan and other Asian countries, and to facilitate future international comparison research.
 

Theoretical and experimental research collaboration on heterogeneous catalysts

for methane reforming

Project Leader

Yoshitada MORIKAWA (Professor, Graduate School of

Engineering)  

Visiting Researcher

Mohamed Abdul Rahman (Professor, School of Chemical

Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline We aim to develop a first principle computational program and work on fundamental research of various interfacial structures, electronic states, reaction processes and computational materials design of surfaces and interface reaction in parallel for the target of the environment of collaborative research and education. Gtaduate School of Engineering, OU and School of Chemical Engineering, USM where Prof. Dr.Rahman belongs to is going to sign the agreement of the double degree program. With the advantage of the double degree program, we promote further internationalization of the graduate school of Engineering and spread of the method of our unique approach "conputational materials design" which has been developed in OU.
 

Exploring and tailoring of many-body quantum systems consisting of

trapped ions

Project Leader Utako TANAKA (Lecturer, Graduate School of Engineering Science)  
Visiting Researcher

Christian Ospelkaus (Professor, Institut für Quantenoptik,

Leibniz Universität Hannover; QUEST-Institute at

Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB))

Tanja Mehlstäubler (Professor, QUEST-Institute at Physikalisch-

Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB))

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline The aim of this research is to explore many-body quantum systems using laser-cooled ions. This is a collaborative research between the international joint laboratory consisting of Osaka University and National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (Japan) and the QUEST which is a joint institute of Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt and Leibniz Universität Hannover (Germany). We will produce novel ion configurations by applying microfabrication technology to ion-trap electrodes, perform quantum simulation of many-body quantum systems using such ions, and investigate generation of superradiance with ions. This study is significant not only for fundamental Physics but also for a large-scale quantum information processing and novel atomic clocks.
 

Peace and Stability in the Asia-Pacific Region: Toward a

Comprehensive Approach

Project Leader

Yoneyuki SUGITA (Professor, Graduate School of Language

and Culture)  

Visiting Researcher

Teo Victor (Lecturer, Department of Japanese Studies,

School of Modern Languages and Cultures, The University

of Hong Kong)

Research Period April 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline Dr. Victor Teo and I will conduct a joint research to analyze ways and means of achieving peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region. We plan to employ an interdisciplinary approach to deal with this issue.

2016-17 selected projects Type A

Project LeaderTitle, OrganizationJoint Research OrganizationDetails
Minoru ASADA
Director, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience Robotics, Institute for Academic Initiatives Italian Institute of Technology (Italy) Details
Yoshitaka KUNO
Professor, Graduate School of Science Imperial College London (UK)
Details
Koichi FUKASE
Professor, Graduate School of Science
University of Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Details
Masashi KASHIWAGI
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Seoul National University (Korea)
Details
Norimasa OZAKI
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Ecole Polytechnique, Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation de Lasers Intenses (LULI) (France)
Details
LI Yanjun
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia/Institute of Physics, Center for Computational Materials Science (CCMS) (Slovakia) Details
Koji OKAMOTO
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences
Johns Hopkins University (USA) Details
Genji KURISU
Professor, Institute for Protein Research
Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany) Details
Eiji IDEGUCHI
Associate Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (India)
Details
Shizuo AKIRA
Professor, Immunology Frontier Research
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) at Monash University (Australia) Details

2016-17 selected projects Type B

Project LeaderTitle, OrganizationJoint Research OrganizationDetails
Toshihisa NISHIMORI
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences Northeast Normal University (China) Details
Koichi FUKASE
Professor, Graduate School of Science Academia Sinica (Taiwan) Details
Hiroshi UYAMA
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Universiti Sains Malaysia (Malaysia) Details
Kazunori SATO
Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Johannes Kepler University (Austria) Details
Satoshi HAMAGUCHI
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Central European Institute for Technology (CEITEC), Masaryk University (Czech Republic) Details
Takashi HAYASHI
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering University of Strasbourg (France) Details
LI Yanjun Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, CAS (China) Details
Tadao NAGATSUMA
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science University Carlos III of Madrid (Spain) Details
Hidekazu TANAKA
Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Purdue University (USA) Details
Tamio OGUCHI
Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Uppsala University (Sweden) Details
Mariko OKADA
Professor, Institute for Protein Research
The University of Chicago (USA) Details
Katsuyoshi KONDOH
Professor, Joining and Welding Research Institute
University of California, Los Angeles (USA) Details
Masakatsu MURAKAMI
Professor, Institute of Laser Engineering
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain) Details

Details of International Joint Research Promotion Program Type A

Constructive Developmental Science based on Cognitive Developmental Robotics
- Development of Mirror System and Action Understanding -
Project Leader Minoru ASADA (Director, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience Robotics, Institute for Academic
Initiatives)
Visiting Researcher

Sandini Giulio (Director, Research at the Italian Institute of

Technology; Professor, Bioengineering, University of Genoa)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline Prof. Giulio Sandni and his colleagues at Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Italian Institute of Technology, have been studying how the mirror neuron system (MNS) develop into being able to understand actions and further intentions of others. In this project, we address the issue of the MNS's development, and jointly propose a mechanism by which robots understand humans' actions and their intentions.
  
Search for Charged Lepton Flavor Violation with Muons
Project Leader

Yoshitaka KUNO (Professor, Graduate School of

Science)

Visiting Researcher

Yoshiyuki UCHIDA (Professor, Faculty of Natural

Science, Imperial College London)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline A transition from one type of elementary particles to the other has attracted much attention in elementary particle physics. Among those, quarks and neutrinos are known to make transitions. The studies of these phenomena received the Nobel Physics awards. The purpose of this research is to search for unseen transitions among charged leptons, in particular a transition from a muon to an electron. To achieve this, the international collaborative experiment, COMET, at J-PARC has been initiated. In collaborative works with the group of Imperial College London, we are conducting the COMET experiment to make a big discovery.
 

Studies of glycans from microbes and animals; synthesis and

structure-biofunction

Project Leader Koichi FUKASE (Professor, Graduate School of Science)
Visiting Researcher

Molinaro Antonio (Professor, Department of Chemical Sciences,

University of Napoli Federico II)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline

The innate immune system is the phylogenetically ancient defense mechanism that can recognize microbial components. This system also recognizes host molecules to control the immunity and inflammation. The collbaorative team studies the interaction of innate immune receptors with microbial glycoconjugates or host glycans by using NMR, SPR, fluorescence polarization assay, and etc. in order to understand the recognition mechanisms.

Fukase group, Osaka University mainly studies the synthesis of bacterial glycoconjugates and host glycans, whereas Molinaro group, University of Napoli Federico II is responsible for the NMR studies including structural determination of glycoconjugates and glycans.

 
Development of Innovative Computation Method and New Academic Research
In Maritime Engineering on Wave-Ship-Structure Interactions
Project Leader Masashi KASHIWAGI (Professor, Graduate School of Engineering)
Visiting Researcher

KIM Yonghwan (Professor, Department of Naval Architecture and

Ocean Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline Through collaboration with Prof. Yonghwan Kim who is a leader in the research area of seakeeping of ships, studies will be made on accurate computation methods for the transient fluid-structure interaction and the added resistance and resultant speed loss in waves, and also on a reliable prediction method for the ship’s propulsion performance in waves. In addition, while taking account of the past research results effectively, we will propose a new research technique and also create and promote a new research area in the seakeeping study.
 

Exploration of novel materials with superionic conduction

by using laser compression and XFEL

Project Leader

Norimasa OZAKI (Associate Professor, Graduate School of

Engineering)  

Visiting Researcher

KOENIG Michel (Research Director, Centre National de la Recherche

Scientifique (CNRS)/Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation de Lasers

Intenses (LULI), Ecole Polytechnique)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline Objective of the collaboration with French research groups mainly from the École polytechnique and 3 other participating organizations is to clarify states of organic compounds of light elements under extreme conditions, which are produced by power lasers. In this collaboration, temporal evolution of chemical reactions is investigated by means of ultrafast optical diagnostics. Additionally, development and application of ultrafast imaging of the chemical producs with a long/mid-range structure are in the scope of this collaboration.
 
Nanostructure construction and the elucidation of gas reaction mechanism on the insulator surface by atomic force microscope and Kelvin probe force microscopy
Project Leader LI Yanjun (Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering)  
Visiting Researcher

Ivan Štich (Professor, CCMS, Institute of Physics, Slovak Academy

of Sciences (SAS))

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline It is an important to promote catalytic reduction of the three way catalyst in an exhaust gas purification system of the car. Especially, the catalytic reduction of carbon monoxide (CO) from exhaust gas and noble metal nanoparticles plays an important role in the removal of air pollution. However, the details such as electrons transfer are unknown and still remain challenge. In this study, we investigate the noble metal nanoparticles on insulator surface under CO gas condition with atomic-scale insights into the catalysis by AFM/ KPFM. Experimental and theoretical studies are performed by the international collaboration of Osaka University and Academy of Sciences of Slovakia.
 
Mitochondrial quality control and its regulatory tools
Project Leader Koji OKAMOTO (Associate Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences)
Visiting Researcher

Hiromi SESAKI (Associate Professor, Department of Cell Biology,

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline Surplus or damaged mitochondria are sequestered by a special membrane vesicle and transported to lysosomes for degradation. This process, termed mitophagy, is a fundamental process contributing to mitochondrial quality control. In this study, we will organize a Japan-US team with complementary collaboration, trying to identify novel proteins with mitophagy activities in mammals, and analyze their functions. Moreover, we seek to obtain low-molecular-weight compounds that inhibit or promote mitophagy.
 

Photosynthesis Research, Bridging the Gap from Structure to Functional

Dynamics

Project Leader Genji KURISU (Professor, Institute for Protein Research)
Visiting Researcher

Rögner Matthias (Vice Dean, Chair of Plant Biochemistry,

Faculty of Biology & Biotechnology, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline In order to design a model cyanobacterium which is optimized for application, it is most important to understand photoacclimation. In this project, we are trying to understand the structural basis of the photosynthetic membrane protein complex closely related to photoacclimation, named NDH-1, by a combination of X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy and other complementay techniques.
 

Elucidate the origin of nuclear shell-evolution in neutron-rich

nuclei

Project Leader Eiji IDEGUCHI (Associate Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics)
Visiting Researcher

Palit Rudrajyoti (Associate Professor, Department of Nuclear and

Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research)

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline The aim of this research project is to elucidate the origin of nuclear shell-evolution in neutron-rich nuclei. By the measurement of magnetic moment of short-lived excited levels of nucleus possessing neutron magic numbers, the behavior of single-particle orbitals will be examined quantitatively when the nucleus steps away from the line of β stability. The joint project between RCNP and TIFR will develop a measurement device for the magnetic moment of unstable nuclei and accomplish the research project.
 

Understanding and controlling the immune regulations of tissue healing –

Towards design of efficient regenerative therapies

Project Leader Shizuo AKIRA (Professor, Immunology Frontier Research Center)
Visiting Researcher

Martino Mikael (Principal investigator, European Molecular Biology

Laboratory (EMBL), Monash University/Australian Regenerative

Medicine Institute (ARMI))

Research Period April 1, 2016 ~ March 31, 2019
Research Outline First of all, we will select the gene candidates involved in tissue repair and regeneration. Second, we will reveal new immune mechanisms involved in tissue repair and regeneration. Finally, our group will design the novel regenerative strategies integrating a control of the immune system.

Details of International Joint Research Promotion Program Type B

Knowledge Media Dynamics in Educational Fields
Project Leader Toshihisa NISHIMORI (Associate Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences)  
Visiting Researcher

Zhang Hai (Vice Dean, School of Media Science, Northeast Normal

University)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline Northeast Normal University has made brilliant achievement in the TPACK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) studies. We will research how to design digital educational materials in this project. We will exchange each knowledge in these fields, develop digital educational materials collaboratively, and evaluate those in both of Japan and China.
 
Synthesis and biofunctional studies of glycans, glycoconjugates, and glycoproteins
Project Leader Koichi FUKASE (Professor, Graduate School of Science)
Visiting Researcher

Hung Shang-cheng (Director, Genomics Research Center,

Academia Sinica)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline In this research, we aim to comprehensively understand the biological functions of glycans such as glycoproteins, glycolipids, and glycosaminoglycans by the chemical synthesis of various glycans. Furthermore, novel cancer vaccines, tumor targeting molecules, immunoregulatory molecules, and antibody drugs will be developed by using synthetic glycans.
 
Development of High-performance Bioplastics
Project Leader Hiroshi UYAMA (Professor, Graduate School of Engineering)  
Visiting Researcher

Kumar K Sudesh (Professor, School of Biological Sciences,

Ecobiomaterial Lab, Universiti Sains Malaysia)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline Bioplastics are environmentally benign polymers with good biodegradability from biomass resources, and their broad use is socially required. A collaborative laboratory on bioplastics, mainly biodegradable microbial polyesters, is established at Osaka University and Universiti Sains Malaysia, and the collaborative research aims at development of fundamental technology contributing to commercialization of bioplastics. By complementing each other with elemental technologies on bioplastics, the multidisciplinary collaborative research is performed.
 

Spinodal nano-technology for semiconductor spintronics:

design and realization

Project Leader Kazunori SATO (Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering)  
Visiting Researcher

Bonanni Alberta (Professor, Institute for Semiconductor and Solid

State Physics, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline

Investigation on the relation between phase separation in DMS and ferromagnetism (mechanism, electronic structure, magneto-optics, transport and TC) based-on the first-principles calculation and experimental verification.          

 

Establishment of surface-atomic-layer chemical-reaction analysis techniques

for plasma processing

Project Leader

Satoshi HAMAGUCHI (Professor, Graduate School of

Engineering)  

Visiting Researcher

ZAJĬČKOVÁ Lenka (Associate Professor, Central European

Institute for Technology (CEITEC)/Masaryk University)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline In collaboration with Prof. Zajickova, Research Group Leader of Plasma Technology, Central European Institute for Technology (CEITEC), Masaryk University, we aim at establishing the scientific and technical basis for high controllability of atomic layer processes (ALP), using techniques of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) and Plasma Assisted Atomic Layer Deposition (PA-ALD) developed by Prof. Zajickova’s group and numerical simulation and surface analysis techniques developed by our group.
 
Creation of Materials and Catalysts by Assembled Porphyrin Derivatives
Project Leader Takashi HAYASHI (Professor, Graduate School of Engineering) 
Visiting Researcher

Weiss Jean (CNRS Research Director, Department of Chemistry,

University of Strasbourg)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline Porphyrin is a natural pigment molecule widely found in photosynthetic system and hemoproteins. The molecule is useful for photosensitiser, electron transfer mediater and ligand of metal catalyst, Due to the characteristics, applications toward development of photodevice, artificial photosynthetic system and fuel cell are expected to be constructed by assembling porphyrin derivatives or hemoproteins. This project has focused on construction and evaluation of useful pigment assemblies.
 

Elucidation of catalytic mechanism of nanoparticles on TiO2(110) surface by

simultaneous measurement AFM/KPFM

Project Leader LI Yanjun (Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering)  
Visiting Researcher

Cheng Zhihai (Professor, Key Laboratory of Standardization and

Measurement for Nanotechnology, National Center for Nanoscience

and Technology, CAS, China)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline In recent years, the applied study on catalyst attracts attention in solving an environmental problem and an energy problem. Au/TiO2(110) surfaces display extremely high catalytic reactivity. There are many representative models that explain the emerging catalytic activity of Au nanoclusters. It is widely accepted that the perimeter interface of Au/TiO2 is the reaction site for CO oxidation. However, the charge transfer phenomenon and the surface electric dipole moment have not been discussed yet. In this study, we investigate the charge transfer between the surface defects and Au nanoclusters by using AFM/KPFM.
 
Terahertz Photonics Integration for IoT (Internet of Things)
Project Leader Tadao NAGATSUMA (Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science)  
Visiting Researcher

Garpintero Guillermo (Associate Professor, Electronics Technology

Department, University Carlos III of Madrid)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline

A boundary region located between these light waves and microwaves (at frequencies from 100 GHz to 10 THz) is referred to as terahertz (THz) electromagnetic waves (or THz waves), attracting lots of attention as the last unexplored waves left in the 21st century. This project aims at research and development of integrated THz systems for applications to IoT (Internet of Things).

 
Nanoscale hybrid correlated oxide device and their application
Project Leader Hidekazu TANAKA (Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial)
Visiting Researcher

Ramanathan Shriram (Professor, School of Materials Engineering,

Purdue University)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline Strongly correlated oxides are expected to be an excellent materials for next generation electronics device.
This project will combine special nanostructured oxides fabricated in Osaka group with and unique technique to tune materials such as electrolyte, ion liquid doping in Purdue group in order to create novel functional oxide devices with giant tunability. Through this collaboration, functional oxide nano-electronics device research network will be constructed.
 
Materials Design for Solving Energy and Environmental Issues
Project Leader

Tamio OGUCHI (Professor, The Institute of Scientific and

Industrial Research)

Visiting Researcher

Eriksson Olle (Professor, Uppsala University/Department of

Physics and Astronomy)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline In this program, the development of efficient materials design methods and their verification by applications to concrete material systems for solving energy and environmental issues are planed in collaboration between computational materials design (CMD) group in Osaka University and Prof. O. Eriksson's group in Uppsala University.
 

Functional analysis of CRK gene family

using multi-dimensional approach

Project Leader Mariko OKADA (Professor, Institute for Protein Research)
Visiting Researcher

Akira IMAMOTO (Associate Professor, Ben May Department for

Cancer Research, The University of Chicago)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31.2024
Research Outline

The mammalian smallest CRK gene family consists of only CRK and CRKL and plays important roles in development and human diseases. In this study, we perform multi-omics analysis to understand regulation of cell adhesion and metabolisms. The group in Univ of Chicago performs phenotype analysis of CRK/CRKL knockout mice and the Osaka Univ group performs multi-omics analysis.

 

Strengthening mechanism of pure titanium matrix nano-composites by solid solution and phase transformation

Project Leader Katsuyoshi KONDOH (Professor, Joining and Welding Research)
Visiting Researcher

Xiaochun Li (Professor, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace

Engineering and Materials Science & Engineering, University of

California, Los Angeles (UCLA))

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline Superior biocompatibility elements such as zirconium, oxygen nitrogen, silicon, are soluted into hcp-titanium (Ti) crystal, and atomic/nano-scale composite microstructures of Ti sintered materials are formed via β→α phase transformation during plastic deformation and heat treatment. Additionally high-strength and high-ductility mechanism is also clarified through this collaboration research works.
 
Theoretical Study on Proton Beam Driven Inertial Fusion
Project Leader Masakatsu MURAKAMI (Professor, Institute of Laser Engineering)
Visiting Researcher

Honrubia Jose Javier (Professor, ETSI Aeron autica y del Espacio,

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)

Research Period January 1, 2017 ~ March 31, 2024
Research Outline When intense ultrashort laser pulse is irradiated on a metalic thin foil, energetic proton beam is generated. By using this proton beams, we aim at achieve laser fusion ignition, where the main fuel is compressed to high densities by other ns-long lasers.

2015-16 selected projects

Project Leader Title, Organization Joint Research Organization
CHUNG Sung Yeo Associate Professor, Graduate School of Letters Rice University (USA) Details
TOMOBE Kenichi Professor, Graduate School of Economics School of Social Development and Public Policy, Fudan University (China); University of California, Irvine (USA) Details
MATSUNO Kenji Professor, Graduate School of Science The University of Manchester (United Kingdom) Details
MURATA Michio Professor, Graduate School of Science Åbo Akademi University (Finland) Details
SAKATA Yasushi Professor, Graduate School of Medicine King's College London (United Kingdom) Details
OKADA Yoshiaki Associate Professor, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Harvard University Medical School/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (USA) Details
FUJIWARA Yasufumi Professor, Graduate School of Engineering University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) Details
TADA Hirokazu Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science; Director, Center for Promotion of Advanced Interdisciplinary Research Seoul National University (South Korea) Details
MIYAZAKI Fumio Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) Details
KURAHASHI Takashi Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences University of California, Davis (USA) Details
SUGANUMA Katsuaki Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research Beijing University of Technology (China) Details
YAGI Yasushi Director/Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research Carnegie Mellon University (USA) Details
TAMII Atsushi Associate Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany) Details
TONOUCHI Masayoshi Professor, Institute of Laser Engineering Rice University (USA) Details
Explorations of Functional Grammar in Terms of Nominalization Phenomena
Project Leader Sung-Yeo CHUNG, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Letters
Visiting Researcher Masayoshi Shibatani, Professor, Department of Linguistics, Rice University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Through explorations of the recent cognitive-functional approach to linguistics, this project aims to change the research paradigm in linguistics from the Chomskyan philosophical theory of language, which has dominated the field for more than fifty years, to a more empirical language science. Based on the research on nominalization phenomena and bringing together the research team of Professor Masayoshi Shibatani of Rice University, a leading figure in the field, and researchers from both Graduate School of Letters and Graduate School of Language and Culture, this project strives to strengthen research capability in the field of language studies at Osaka University and also to promote research publications abroad.

Comparative social science of demography, anthropometrics and economic development in modern Japan and China
Project Leader Kenichi TOMOBE, Professor, Graduate School of Economics
Visiting Researcher Wang Feng, Professor, School of Social Development & Public Policy, Fudan University; Professor, Department of Sociology, UC Irvine
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline The aim of the research project is to compare the historical path of anthropometric growth and that of economic development measured by real per capita income based on the reliable statistical data of modern Japan and China and to appeal the existence of both countries as co-leader of the Asian area to the world.

Roles of cross-talk between Notch signaling and Toll signaling in early embryogenesis
Project Leader Kenji MATSUNO, Professor, Graduate School of Science
Visiting Researcher Baron Martin, Senior Lecturer, Life Sciences, University of Manchester
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Research group of Kenji Matsuno (Department of Biological Sciences) and Martin Baron (University of Manchester) proposed an idea that the formation of dorsal-ventral axis of Drosophila embryos is regulated by cross-talk between Notch and Toll signaling pathways. In this collaboration, we will understand the mechanisms of this cross-talk and its roles in the formation of dorsal-ventral axis, by using bio-imaging analysis and system biology.

International Collaboration for Developing Biomembrane Model Systems
Project Leader Michio MURATA, Professor, Graduate School of Science
Visiting Researcher Slotte Johan Peter, Professor, Department of Biosciences, Åbo Akademi University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Biological membrane is a last frontier in the field of bioscience, and precise physicochemical research of the lipid bilayer is required to elucidate biological mechanisms. Åbo Akademi University in Finland and we combine the own expertise to establish technical platforms for organizing novel models of the biological membranes toward the development for artificial cell membranes.

Innovation of Bedside-oriented Research of Cardiology by Integrated Imaging
Project Leader Yasushi SAKATA, Professor, Graduate School of Medicine
Visiting Researcher Kinya Otsu, Professor, Cardiovascular Division, King's College London; Professor/Chair of Cardiology, British Heart Foundation
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Cardiac disease is one of the leading causes of death in Japan. The aim of this project is to establish a novel circulatory research oriented from clinical questions which are obtained only by thorough examination of patients. Prof. Otsu is a world-famous expert in the basic research of cardiology. We will bring together our expertise to elucidate clinical questions by using integrated imaging in collaboration with Prof. Otsu. This study will provide new concept for treatment of cardiac diseases.

A novel anti-inflammatory strategy by targeting endothelial cells
Project Leader Yoshiaki OKADA, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Visiting Researcher Willam C. Aird, Professor, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Vascular Biology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Recent reports indicate importance of a vascular system as well as an immune system for the induction of inflammatory diseases. A goal of this study is to establish a novel anti-inflammatory strategy by targeting an endothelial cell-specific receptor. To that end, we analyze unique functions of the receptor and generate molecules that inhibit the receptor function.

Elucidation of luminescence mechanism in rare-earth-doped semiconductors
Project Leader Yasufumi FUJIWARA, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Visiting Researcher Tom Gregorkiewicz, Professor, Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline In Osaka University we perfected the growth of Eu-doped GaN layers of superior crystalline quality, and demonstrated the first low-voltage current-injected red light-emitting diode (LED) based on these materials. This project builds on these accomplishments and aims to increase the brightness of the device to the level enabling its wide scale application. In collaboration with a world-leading research group on optoelectronic materials in University of Amsterdam, we will map the energy transfer from injected carriers to Eu ions and purposefully manipulate it at every step for the maximum efficiency.

Development of Organic Magnetoresitance Devices
Project Leader Hirokazu TADA, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science; Director, Center for Promotion of Advanced Interdisciplinary Research
Visiting Researcher Soo Young Park, Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University; Director, Center for Supramolecular Optoelectronic Materials
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline The aim of this project is to clarify the origin of organic magnetoresitance (OMAR) effects and to provide guiding principles for development of OMAR devices. Organic materials for OMAR are designed and synthesized in SNU, and Device performances are investigated in OU. Frequent visits of students and staffs in two institutions next door accelerate the researches and achieve a new insight in the fields related.

Robotic Therapy after Stroke: Exercise Interventions Based on Assessment of Muscle Synergies
Project Leader Fumio MIYAZAKI, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science
Visiting Researcher Hermano Igo Krebs, Principal Research Scientist and Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Robotic therapy, especially for lower extremity function, currently stands at the early stage of development. The next generation of robot-aided neuro-rehabilitation requires assessing the effect of interventions correctly and collecting clinical evidence to develop an efficacious intervention. Stroke rehabilitation requires motor coordination. By combining the method of “synergy assessment” and the “robotic therapy” developed by the Osaka University and MIT researchers' team, we will attempt to develop a novel robotic-intervention test and validate it in the framework of synergies.

Modulation of signal transduction system in the nano-biological structure
Project Leader Takashi KURAHASHI, Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences
Visiting Researcher Chen Tsung-Yu, Professor, Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Our target is the olfactory transduction channels (CNG, Cl). Hitherto known experimental difficulties have been existing because these are expressed on the nano-scale cilia. In this collaboration research, we will overcome these technical difficulties and investigate the modulation of channel activities for the olfactory perception.

The study of reliability of metal nanowires based on graphene materials
Project Leader Katsuaki SUGANUMA, Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Visiting Researcher Wang Hao, Professor, The College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Silver nanowires (AgNW), as ideal replacement for ITO film, is easily corroded due to exposure to air or ultraviolet that drastically decreased the performance of electrodes. In order to avoid the deterioration, a thin and transparent graphene film is selected and combined with AgNW to improve the stability and achieve new properties.

International Collaborative Research of Human Sensing
Project Leader Yasushi YAGI, Director/Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research
Visiting Researcher Kanade Takeo, U.A. and Helen Whitaker University Professor, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline This program focuses on human behavior analysis and cell image processing by international collaboration with Prof. Takeo Kanade, who is the U.A. and Helen Whitaker University Professor of Carnegie Mellon University and is an authority of computer vision. We propose a new framework that copes with first person views as well as surveillance views for human behavior analysis. As for cell image processing, we develop automatic cell counting method. Moreover, training of students and young researchers, improvement of quality of research papers, and increase of visibility of Osaka University are also objectives of this program.

Electric Dipole Response in Nuclei, Neutron Skins and Neutron Stars
Project Leader Atsushi TAMII, Associate Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics
Visiting Researcher Peter von Neumann-Cosel, Professor, Institute for Nuclear Physics, Technical University Darmstadt
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline The research aims at studying the electric dipole response of nuclei, determining the neutron skin thicknesses, and extracting the information on the neutron matter equation of state that is indispensable for understanding the internal structure of neutron stars. LaBr3 scintillation detectors will be moved to RCNP as a joint project between RCNP and TU-Darmstadt to which the invited research belongs. The electric dipole response of nuclei will be experimentally determined by combining the high-quality beam and high-resolution spectrometer at RCNP with the LaBr3 detectors.

Exploring Terahertz Functionalities and Applications of 2D Materials
Project Leader Masayoshi TONOUCHI, Professor, Institute of Laser Engineering
Visiting Researcher Kono Junichiro, Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University
Research Period April 1, 2015 ~ March 31, 2018
Research Outline Owing to the success of graphene research, the idea of engineering two-dimensional (2D), atomically thin layers of materials has become compelling. Laser Terahertz Emission Microscope (LTEM) is a unique tool that can dynamically investigate photoexcited carriers in materials and devices. In this research we apply the LTEM to investigate the electric and optical properties at the surface and interface of 2D atomic layers, and explore the new functionalities for THz devices.

 

2014-15 selected projects

Project leader Title, Organization Joint research organization
OSAKA Mariko
Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences California State University (USA)
Ersta Sköndal University College (Sweden)
Fordham University (USA)
Details
HIGAKI Tatsuya Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences Paris West University Nanterre La Défense (France) Details
KATOU Kazuto
Professor, Graduate School of Medicine University of Oxford (UK) Details
KAWATA Satoshi
Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Moroccan Foundation for Advanced Science, Innovation and Research (Morocco) Details
SEKI Shu Professor, Graduate School of Engineering University of Washington (USA) Details
SUGITA Yoneyuki
Professor, Graduate School of Language and Culture
1. The Finnish Institute of International Relations (Finland)
2. George Mason University (USA)
3. Northwestern University (USA)
4. European Institute of Japanese Studies (Sweden)
Details
IKAWA Masahito Professor, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases Baylor College of Medicine (USA) Details

 

Details of the above-mentioned projects

Cognitive Neuroscience and Social Gerontology Studies Aiming to Develop A Care Welfare Service for Successful Aging in the Super-Aging Elderly
Project Leader Mariko OSAKA, Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences
Visiting Researcher Hideya Koshino, Professor, Department of Psychology, California State University
Victor Pestoff, Professor, Institute of Civil Society, Ersta Sköndal University College
Daniela Jopp, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Fordham University
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline Facing a super-aging society, it is critical to main a healthy mind for elderly people. The present study aims to unveil changes in cognitive function, self-esteem as well as feeling of well-being associated with aging, and propose welfare services that make successful aging come true with empirical evidences. For the goal, researchers in the multiple-disciplinary fields stand in groups, including neuroscience, cognitive psychology, aging psychology, welfare policy studies, and social gerontology.

Establishing a Center for Academic Exchange in Human Sciences Between France and Japan: With a Focus in Philosophy, Social Pedagogy, and Clinical Psychology
Project Leader Tatsuya HIGAKI, Professor, Graduate School of Human Sciences
Visiting Researcher Anne Sauvagnargues, Professeur, Université de Paris 10, Ouest Nanterre
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline The aim of this project is to establish a center for academic exchange in the field of Human Sciences between France and Japan, in particular the contemporary philosophy laboratories at the Osaka University Faculty of Human Sciences and Paris University 10, West Nanterre La Défense. Research will be conducted from a transdisciplinary standpoint, incorporating philosophy, social pedagogy, and clinical psychology; and the results we present will focus on the reorganization of the individual and community in a post-global age.

Framework for a collaborative medical research governance between researchers and research participants
Project Leader Kazuto KATO, Professor, Department of Biomedical Research and Public Policy, Graduate School of Medicine
Visiting Researcher Jane Kaye, Director, Nuffield Department of Population Health, Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies (HeLEX), University of Oxford
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline In the aging society of Japan, there are high expectations for medical research. To promote such research, it is necessary to collect many samples and data from patients and members of the general public, but there are arguments that traditional methods such as one time ethics review and informed consent are not working effectively. This project, by combining expertise and experiences in the UK and Japan, aims to establish a foundation for a new governance mechanism for medical research by making a model interface system for active and continuous communication between medical researchers and research participants with the aid of information and communication technology (ICT).

Nano-functional Photonics: study of new nano optical/photonic functions originating from the interaction of photon and nano-structured materials
Project Leader Satoshi KAWATA, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering
Visiting Researcher Sekkat Zouheir, Director, The Optics & Photonics Center, The Moroccan Foundation for Science Innovation and Research (MAScIR)
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline Photonics, the successor to electronics in the 20th century, is now moving into the spotlight to lead science, industry, and society in the 21st century. By this research project, searched and studied are new nano optical/photonic functions originating from the interaction of photon and nano-structured materials. We, in the fields of physics, chemistry, biotechnology, electrotechnology, and devices jointly promote research and education on this new department crossing target: Nano-functional Photonics and contribute to development of the 8th division of the Institute for Academic Initiatives, Osaka University. Encouraged are intimate research discussions among young researchers of the Moroccan Institute/University and Osaka University, expansion of research/educational network, and development of young talented nano-photonics researchers.

Quest of unusual electronic functionality of organic semiconductors by essential evaluation on material properties
Project Leader Shu SEKI, Professor, Department of Chemistry,
Graduate School of Engineering
Visiting Researcher Samson A. Jenekhe, Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline Towards the realization of high performance photoelectric conversion system, we conduct the joint research with Prof. S. A. Jenekhe on the basis of our novel microwave conductivity measurement technique specially-designed for organic photovoltaics. Prof. S. A. Jenekhe’s group has investigated pi-conjugated polymers and their electronic devices, for example molecular wire and non-fullerene electron transporting molecules. However, expected properties are not always revealed, due to the complex interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Throughout this project, we intend to accelerate the cutting-edge research by the fruitful collaboration between the material chemists from the collaborators and physical chemists from our group, leading to an initiative of organic conductive materials development in Osaka University and University of Washington.

Peace and Stability in the Asia-Pacific Region: Multi-layered Analysis toward Formation of International Code of Conduct and Norm
Project Leader Yoneyuki SUGITA, Professor, Graduate School of Language and Culture
Visiting Researchers 1. Bart Gaens, Senior Research Fellow, Global Security Research Programme, The Finnish Institute of International Relations
2. John Paden, Clarence Robinson Professor of International Studies, Public and International Affairs, George Mason University
3. Laura Hein, Professor, Department of History, Northwestern University
4. Marie Söderberg, Director, European Institute of Japanese Studies
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline The purpose of this project is to examine our hypothesis: that it is necessary to formulate international behavioral norms in order to establish and to be able to maintain peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region. Our comprehensive research in these areas will try to test this hypothesis through analyzing three relevant areas, which include: the domestic, regional, and international factors, which may affect the formulation of international behavioral norms in the Asia-Pacific region. We expect to find durable international behavioral norms in this region by extracting the most important relationships, and also those with the highest relevance among the three affecting factors that are mentioned above. Our extensive research within these three areas will help us to present a balanced argument that will support the hypothesis that we are proposing.

Infertililty related gene function analysis using knockout mice
Project Leader Masahito IKAWA, Professor, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases
Visiting Researcher Martin M. Matzuk, Professor, Department of Pathology & Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine
Research Period April 1, 2014 ~ March 31, 2017
Research Outline We propose to define the reproductive functions of novel testis-specific secreted and transmembrane proteins using gene disruption strategies. In this proposal, we will bring together our expertise in bioinformatics and manipulation of the mouse genome to characterize these human infertility related genes. These fundamental studies will provide future tools for the discovery and development of drugs for both contraception and treatment of infertility.

 

2013-14 selected projects

Project leader

Title, Organization

Joint research organization

Details

Minoru ASADA

Professor, Graduate School of Engineering

California Institute of Technology (U.S.A.)

Details

Katsurou INOUE

Professor, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology

University of Victoria (Canada)

University of Michigan (U.S.A.)

Details

Masashi KASHIWAGI

Professor, Graduate School of Engineering

École Centrale de Nantes (France)

Details

Genji KURISU

Professor, Institute for Protein Research

Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany)

Details

Ryousuke KODAMA

Professor, Graduate School of Engineering

École polytechnique, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France)

Details

Akira SHINOHARA

Professor, Institute for Protein Research

Friedrich-Miescher-Institut (Switzerland)

Details

Yoshiaki SUGIMOTO

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Engineering

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Czech)

Details

Shigehiro SERIZAWA

Professor, Institute of Social and Economic Research

Indian Statistical Institute (India)

Details

Kentaro NAGAMINE

Professor, Graduate School of Science

University of Kentucky (U.S.A.)

Details

Kunihiko NISHINO

Associate Professor, The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research

The University of Hong Kong
(China)

Details

Kichiji HATANAKA

Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics

Canada's National Laboratory for Particle and Nuclear Physics

Details

Kazuo HAYAKAWA

Professor, Center for Twin Research

University of Helsinki (Finland)

Details

Ichiro FUJITA

Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences

Forschungszentrum Juelich, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany)

Details

Kazushi MASHIMA

Professor, Graduate School of Engineering Science

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (Switzerland)

Details

Shumei MURAKAMI

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Dentistry

University of Copenhagen (Denmark)

Details

Details of above-mentioned projects

Robots' consciousness emerging through intersubjective synchrony
Project Leader Minoru ASADA, Professor, Department of Adaptive Machine Systems, Graduate School of Engineering

Visiting Researcher Shinsuke SHIMOJO, Professor, Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology
Research Period March 1, 2014 ~ February 28, 2017
Research Outline Emotional synchrony between two agents is often facilitated by bodily synchrony. However, the neural systems and hormonal control underlying this link between bodily and emotional synchrony are still to be revealed. In this project, we will tackle this problem by making full use of psychological, neurological, and synthetic approaches. We aim to integrate and verify our findings in a human-robot interaction scenario, in which emotional synchrony between human and robot is to be achieved.

Development of Analysis Method for Software License Evolution
Project Leader Katsurou INOUE, Professor, Department of Computer Science, Graduate School of Information Science and Technology
Visiting Researcher Daniel Morales GERMAN, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science, University of Victoria, Canada
Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline Knowing software license of open-source-software systems and software assets in organizations is very important for propose reuse of those software. In this international collaboration research, we will unify two approaches for software license identification and source-code evolution analysis, and will establish a method for analyzing software license evolution efficiently.

Synthetic Engineering Study on Enhancement of Absorption
Efficiency and Practical Utilization of Marine Renewable Energies
Project Leader Masashi KASHIWAGI, Professor, Global Architecture, Graduate School of Engineering

Visiting Researcher Pierre FERRANT, Professor, LHEEA (Laboratoire de Recehrche en Hydrodynamique, Energetique et Environnment Atmospherique), Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France

Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline Performance in winds and waves of a floating platform for marine-renewable-energy utilization will be studied, with emphasis placed on establishment of an analysis system for the time-domain nonlinear motions and the fluid-structure interactions, through international collaboration between Osaka University and Ecole Centrale de Nantes in France.

Structural analysis of the photosynthetic energy transduction for
light-driven biohydrogen production by artificial cell
Project Leader Genji KURISU, Professor, Institute of Protein Research

Visiting Researcher Thomas HAPPE, Professor, Department of Photobiotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum
Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline In order to design a model cell system optimized for production of biohydrogen using sunlight, it must be achieved to couple the linear photosynthetic electron transport with an engineered enzyme. For this purpose, the structural principles of energy transduction in thylakoid membranes are most important. We are trying to understand the structural basis for the photosynthetic energy transduction based on the crystal structures.

Exploring of High Energy Density Matter with Photon and Beam Technologies under Japan and France Cooperation
Project Leader Ryousuke KODAMA, Professor, Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering

Visiting Researcher Michel KOENIG, Research Director, Intense Lasers Laboratory (LULI), École Polytechnique

Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline We are now exploring high energy density matter science by using photon and beam technologies such as high power lasers. The high energy density states is created under pressures of more than 10GPa to TPa, where the matter is in extreme states related to geophysics, high pressed physics and material science in extreme conditions. Under this program, the Japan-France joint team will pioneer the new field of science on extremely high-pressed condensed matter using the high power laser facility of Osaka University in the SACA or Japanese XFEL facility of RIKEN.

Molecular Mechanism of chromosome dynamics & epigenome in suppression of chromosome instability
Project Leader Akira SHINOHARA, Professor, Institute of Protein Research

Visiting Researcher Susan Margaret GASSER, Director, Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research

Research Period March 1, 2014 ~ February 28, 2017
Research Outline Instability of genome in germ cells, from which gamete such as sperms and eggs are produced, cause aneuploidy diseases such as miscarriage and Down syndrome. In this international collaborative project with Dr. Susan Gasser, a professor and director of Friedrich Mercier Institute (FMI) in Basel, we are aiming to dissect molecular mechanism of chromosome dynamics and its relation ship to epigenome as well as to understand biological significance of these events. This study may contribute our understanding of medical aspects of infertility and miscarriage in human.

Chemical identification of individual surface atoms
Project Leader Yoshiaki SUGIMOTO, Associate Professor, Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering

Visiting Researcher Pavel JELINEK, Group Leader, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic

Research Period January 1, 2014 ~ December 31, 2016
Research Outline Scanning probe microscopy is a powerful tool for nanotechnology, which allows us to image individual surface atoms, characterize the material, and manipulate atoms. In this study, we develop the method for chemical identification of various atoms. Experimental and theoretical studies are performed at Osaka University and Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, respectively to achieve novel identification techniques.

Frontier of Economic Theory and its application to Mechanism Design
Project Leader Shigehiro SERIZAWA, Professor, Institute of Social and Economic Research

Visiting Researcher Debasis MISHRA, Associate Professor, Economics and Planning Unit, Indian Statistical Institute

Research Period November 1, 2013 ~ October 31, 2016
Research Outline Together with Indian Statistical Institute, University of Rochester,National University of Singapore, Academia Sinica, etc., we study advanced economic theories such as, auction theory, matching theory, voting theory, and apply them to design social rules such as frequency license allotment rule, internship matching rule, school admission rules, airport landing slot allotment rule, political system, etc.

Formation and Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes from Cosmological Perspective
Project Leader Kentaro NAGAMINE, Professor, Course in Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science

Visiting Researcher Isaac SHLOSMAN, Professor, Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Kentucky

Research Period February 1, 2014 ~ January 31, 2017
Research Outline Current astronomical observations strongly suggest that every galaxy hosts a supermassive black hole (SMBH) in the center. It is one of the most important problems of modern astrophysical studies to understand the formation and evolution of SMBHs in the context of concordance cosmological model. In this project, in collaboration with Professor Isaac Shlosman of Univ. of Kentucky, USA, we intend to clarify the formation of SMBHs and their co-evolution with the host galaxy. Using cosmological hydrodynamic simulations, we will examine the growth of SMBH via gas accretion, as well as the feedback mechanisms on galaxy formation by the radiation and gas outflows.

Mechanism of bacterial homeostasis mediated by transporters and development of new therapeutic strategies to control infectious diseases
Project Leader Kunihiko NISHINO, Associate Professor, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research

Visiting Researcher Aixin YAN, Assistant Professor, School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong

Research Period January 1, 2014 ~ December 31, 2016
Research Outline Multidrug efflux transporters play a major role in the multidrug resistance by extruding antibiotics or biocides out of the cell. Recent discoveries support the notion that at least some multidrug transporters have specific physiological substrates because these transporters have been shown to have roles in bacterial virulence. In this international collaborative project with Dr. Aixin Yan, a young principal investigator of the University of Hong Kong, we are aiming to understand a mechanism of bacterial homeostasis mediated by transporters. This study should promote the development of novel inhibitors or strategies that could counteract the contribution of bacterial transporters to drug resistance and virulence.

Research on time reversal symmetry with high density UCN
Project Leader Kichiji HATANAKA, Professor, Research Center for Nuclear Physics

Visiting Researcher Akira KONAKA, Group Leader, Particle Physics; Senior Research Scientist, Science Division, TRIUMF

Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline The neutron electric dipole moment (nEDM) violates the time reversal symmetry. The value of nEDM is used to test new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. At RCNP, an experimental group led by Yasuhiro Masuda (KEK) has developed an ultracold neutron (UCN) source which can produce highest UCN density in the world and can be a game changer in the fundamental physics with neutrons. This experimental group is carrying out a nEDM experiment with the high density UCN source at RCNP. Under this experimental group, we carry out the present program. We study the UCN source and the systematic errors in the nEDM measurement.

Comparative Twin Study between Japan and Finland: How Genetic and Environmental Factors Shape Health of the Elderly
Project Leader Kazuo HAYAKAWA, Professor, School of Allied Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine

Visiting Researcher Karri Tapani SILVENTOINEN, Acting Professor, Dept. of Social Research, University of Helsinki

Research Period January 1, 2014 ~ December 31, 2016
Research Outline Twin research provides unique clues to evaluate how genetic and environmental factors shape the health and behaviors of human. Osaka University’s twin registry is one of the largest in Japan and distinctive in that most of the registrants are elderly.
This study involves elderly twin studies from Japan and Finland to provide clues to build healthier societies.

Neural mechanism of active vision studied by combining large-scale sampling of neural activity and advanced computational analysis
Project Leader Ichiro FUJITA, Professor, Department of Frontier Biosciences,Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences

Visiting Researcher Sonja GRÜN, Vice Director, Head of Laboratory, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-6) and Institute for Advanced Simulation (IAS-6), Jülich Research Centre and JARA; Professor, Theoretical Systems Neurobiology, RWTH Aachen University

Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline The visual system actively explores visual scenes with frequent eye movements, and combines intermittent inputs to reconstruct the visual world in our mind. This project investigates the neural mechanism of this process by a combination of large-scale sampling of neural activities and advanced theoretical analyses. This is a joint effort by a theoretical neuroscience group headed by Sonja Grün and a neurophysiology group headed by Ichiro Fujita.

Development of Heterogenous Single-site Catalysts through Precise Modification of Metal-oxide Surface
Project Leader Kazushi MASHIMA, Professor, Department of Materials Engineering Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science

Visiting Researcher Christophe COPÉRET, Professor, ESC Inorganic Chemistry, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich

Research Period January 1, 2014 ~ December 31, 2016
Research Outline Catalysis is a key technology of the chemical industry, allowing efficient transformation of simple starting materials into valuable products. There is always a need to further improve the efficiency of catalytic processes (activity, selectivity, stability and energy efficiency). One approach to develop more efficient heterogeneous catalysts is their rational design through a molecular approach relating to the homogeneous catalysts. The main purpose of this project is bridging the gap between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts by deep understanding the catalytically active surface organometallis species.

Growth and developmental pattern of oral and maxillofacial structures
Project Leader Shumei MURAKAMI, Associate Professor, Oral Sciences, Graduate School of Dentistry

Visiting Researcher Sven KREIBORG, Director, Professor, 3D Craniofacial Image Research Laboratory, University of Copenhagen

Research Period October 1, 2013 ~ September 30, 2016
Research Outline The objective is to analyze and clarify the growth and developmental pattern of oral and maxillofacial structures using MRI data of child head that were taken periodically and longitudinally.
The collected and evaluated data will become a useful and important database of growth and developmental pattern of oral and maxillofacial structures in childhood with scientific evidence.

Research

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