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State-of-the-art nanotechnology for rapid and accurate processing of genetic information

Early in the 21st century, humans succeeded in decoding the human genome. Since then, research institutes, medical and information technology companies in Japan, Europe, and the US have been involved in fierce competition to develop a method to rapidly, accurately, and inexpensively decode genetic information. Meanwhile, a group of researchers led by KAWAI Tomoji, …

Making a robot arm move by decoding brain signals -- Practical application for patients with cerebral stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

A group of researchers succeeded in creating a robot arm that moves in real time by decoding brain signals thanks to a brain-machine interface (BMI). On the brain/human side, this BMI consists of small sheets with electrodes that are afixed to the brain surface in persons with long-term motor paralysis.

Making computationally-secure code making use of the quantum properties of light

Quantum information processing, a practical application of quantum computers possessing information processing ability that far exceeds that of conventional information processing. Most importantly, the early realization of quantum cryptography communications is anticipated as an totally secure communication tool.

Explaining human decision making through neuroeconomics -- "Which would your rather receive: a small immediate reward, or a larger reward at some point in the future?"

Modern economics examines human behavior by assuming that individuals behave in relation to their individual subjective perceptions of utility or value. So what factors influence the impression of utility and value? Experiments in psychology and economics have demonstrated that people are influenced in their decision making by how quickly the reward is received and also by the size of the reward.

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