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Functional hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)
The hepatocyte-like cells generated using Dr. Mizuguchi’s more efficient method have characteristics similar to primary human hepatocytes, and show drug-induced cytotoxicity against several compounds. These results suggest that the cells could be used for predicting drug toxicity.
Clarifying the roles genes play in the development of the retina
"Internally, a living thing is a universe. Everyday I'm really impressed with the perfection of life."
High-tech approaches provide glimpses into the pivotal role of the computer in future society
They spoke with us about the potential super computers provide us with and some of the latest research in virtual reality.


State-of-the-art nanotechnology for rapid and accurate processing of genetic information
Early in the 21st century, humans succeeded in decoding the human genome. Since then, research institutes, medical and information technology companies in Japan, Europe, and the US have been involved in fierce competition to develop a method to rapidly, accurately, and inexpensively decode genetic information. Meanwhile, a group of researchers led by KAWAI Tomoji, …
Making a robot arm move by decoding brain signals -- Practical application for patients with cerebral stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
A group of researchers succeeded in creating a robot arm that moves in real time by decoding brain signals thanks to a brain-machine interface (BMI). On the brain/human side, this BMI consists of small sheets with electrodes that are afixed to the brain surface in persons with long-term motor paralysis.
Making computationally-secure code making use of the quantum properties of light
Quantum information processing, a practical application of quantum computers possessing information processing ability that far exceeds that of conventional information processing. Most importantly, the early realization of quantum cryptography communications is anticipated as an totally secure communication tool.
Explaining human decision making through neuroeconomics -- "Which would your rather receive: a small immediate reward, or a larger reward at some point in the future?"
Modern economics examines human behavior by assuming that individuals behave in relation to their individual subjective perceptions of utility or value. So what factors influence the impression of utility and value? Experiments in psychology and economics have demonstrated that people are influenced in their decision making by how quickly the reward is received and also by the size of the reward.

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